Horses & Overland Travel
There is official errata to the carrying capacity of horses in the 3.0 PH. Here are the correct details for horses, their carrying capacity and overland movement. Also, the A&E guide revised the speed for wagons.
Animals Carrying Capacities Mount Light Load Medium Load Heavy Load Drag Capacity Light Horse 150 lbs. 151-300 lbs. 301-450 lbs. 2,250 lbs. Light War Horse 230 lbs. 231-460 lbs. 461-690 lbs. 3,450 lbs. Heavy Horse 200 lbs. 201-400 lbs. 401-600 lbs. 3,000 lbs. Heavy War Horse 300 lbs. 301-600 lbs. 601-900 lbs. 4,500 lbs. Pony 75 lbs. 76-150 lbs. 151-225 lbs. 1,125 lbs. War Pony 100 lbs. 101-200 lbs. 201-300 lbs. 1,500 lbs. Mule 230 lbs. 231-460 lbs. 461-690 lbs. 3,450 lbs. Donkey 50 lbs. 51-100 lbs. 101-150 lbs. 750 lbs.
Mule's receive a +2 racial bonus to Dex checks to avoid slipping & falling.
Donkey's receive a +2 racial bonus to Balance checks.
A medium load reduces the max Dex bonus to AC to +3 (all above creatures only have base of DEX 13), gives a -3 Check Penalty to skills such as Balance & Jump, and reduces base movement.
A heavy load reduces the max Dex bonus to AC to +1 (all above creatures only have base of DEX 13), gives a -6 Check Penalty to skills such as Balance & Jump, and reduces base movement.
Don't forget to include the weight of the tack & gear (saddle, bit & bridle, saddlebags, barding) as well as the weight of the rider (incl. armor and gear) when calculating a mount's load.
One day of feed for a horse costs 5 cp and weighs 10 lbs.
Unhampered Daily Movement Rates Mount or Vehicle Light Load Base Move Light Load Miles/Day Med or Heavy Load Base Move Med or Heavy Load Miles/Day Light Horse 60 ft. 48 40 ft. 32 Light War Horse 60 ft. 48 40 ft. 32 Heavy Horse 50 ft. 40 35 ft. 28 Heavy War Horse 50 ft. 40 35 ft. 28 Pony 40 ft. 32 30 ft. 24 War Pony 40 ft. 32 30 ft. 24 Mule 30 ft. 24 20 ft. 16 Donkey 30 ft. 24 20 ft. 16 Cart - - 20 ft. /35ft. 16 / 28 Wagon - - 35 ft. 28 Sled - - 20 ft. 16
A cart is pulled by one mule or horse and can carry the lesser of 500 lbs or as much as that animal can drag. The cart itself weighs 200 lbs.
A wagon is pulled by two or more horses and can carry the lesser of 4,000 lbs or as much as those animals can drag combined. The wagon itself weighs 400 lbs.
A sled is pulled by one animal and can carry the lesser of 2,000 lb or as much as that animal can drag. The sled itself weighs 300 lbs. Sleds suffer no movement penalties across snow.
War beasts can not be used to pull vehicles.